Responding to UJJM (Uttarbanga Jana Jagaran Mancha )

Responses to “Jai Prithivinarayan Shah, Jai Gorkha, Jai Gorkhaland!”
Uttarbanga Jana Jagaran Manch Says:
       July 19, 2008 at 12:50 pm
We are opposing Gorkhaland or any partition and disintegration of West Bengal. India Government and West Bengal Government must consider the following demands in the interest of SECURITY QUESTION OF INDIA. Nepali infiltration must be stopped and they should be treated as per Bangladeshi migrants. Government must handled the all issues in strong hand.


1.    Both the demands of Sixth Schedule and separate State of Gorkhaland would mean ultimate partition and disintegration of West Bengal. Both the demands should be rejected.

2. Darjeeling Gorkha Hill Council may be abolished and the Darjeeling District put directly under state administration, with Army protection.

3. Clause-VII Indo-Nepal Treaty of 1950 may be repealed to prevent foreign Nepali infiltration.
4.    All foreign Nepalese should be identified and pushed back to Nepal, as per the Foreigners  Act, 864 as is being done in the case of illegal Bangladeshi migrants.

5. Border outposts be set up with barbed-wire fencing. Visa be introduced in the Indo-Nepal    border as is the case with Bangladesh

Apropos the demands and questions put forward by Uttarbanga Jana Jagaran Mancha (UJJM), Siliguri.

A.    If Prof Haren Ghosh is genuinely a Bengali refugee from across the borders, he deserves much personal credit for his humble loyalty to Bengal for giving him food and shelter. He is now only returning the dues favoured in return compliment, in playing the second fiddle in protecting many like him, refugees and immigrants migrating illegally. Over a period of time with the nonchalant attitude of pan-Bengali, not only Siliguri (a subdivision of hill district of Darjeeling) but entire West Bengal has metamorphosed to Amar Sonar Bangladesh (sic.not India’s Bengal). It is therefore ambiguous, rather superfluous, for Uttarbanga Jana Jagaran Mancha (Prof. Ghosh) to even consider uttering the security question of India, when refugees and the East Bengali migrants have turned comrades in arms to create the CPM(M) bastion in Indian Bengal. Why name poor Prof Ghosh who is acting in proving to his boss and mentor the likes of Ashok Bhattacharya, Subhash Chakroborty and almost all ministers of  West Bengal, all on enquiry are alleged to have an East Bengali refugee background. It is assumed Buddhadeb Bhattacharya, the CM, is said to be the only exception to the rule, which is why, despite his red shirt, his economic policies show his true attendant to the state. He is possibly the last of the Mohicans.

B.    In reply to the UJJM claim to Nepali infiltration, is an expression of the body’s parochial predetermined mindset, lack of historical contents and blurred vision, proverbially pointing the guilty man’s finger at those innocent, to hide the exposition of the guilty. The flow of citizens across the Nepal- India border is free for either national under the 1950 Treaty of Friendship, whereas, this same mutual equal opportunity status is totally absent in regard to erstwhile East Pakistan (present Bangladesh). In fact, the latter’s borders are completely sealed for all practical purposes in contrast to the  free flow of respective populations from either side of Nepal and India. In contrast, the extensive Bangladeshi borders and exit points are barbed wire fenced and the exits strictly policed, despite which the porous borders remain conduits for regular inflow of illegal immigrants constantly increasing. The situation is so serious, the illegal Bangladeshi problem has become a-fait-accompli and reached an irreversible point. These are the hard facts which are pushing the plains hill peoples to trace back their track to the hills again.

C.    The migration of Nepalese to India and the reverse situation is protected by mutual agreements as per the Indo-Nepal Treaty 1950. So at no point of time, can anybody point a finger at the migrants between India and Nepal. This seemingly peaceful co-existence is to the advantage of India than Nepal and who is not in a position to reverse the disadvantages situation by its geopolitical landlocked location being its dent of fate. Nepal’s very economic survival and sustainable development depends upon the free exit to the plains of India (via its long borders with the country) and to the sea via Bangladesh. This is one of the factorial importances of Siliguri subdivision of Darjeeling district being the transit route in India joining Nepal to the seaports in Bangladesh.  

D.    UJJM must be reminded, the Bangladeshi immigrants to India via the various borders joining the Indian border states is seen as a compelling natural expanding point of Bangladeshi over population migrating directionally outwards, initially to the bordering Indian states and to the various districts and  metropolis mainly North India as well as other states. This overflow contains the seeds of many national security elements externally as well as suspected terrorists related activities, as experienced in the various multiple bomb blasts occurring in many cities of India recently. The nexus of these serial blasts is apprehended as the ISI engineered counter destabalising activities linking the operations from the porous border conduits of the adjoining countries Nepal and Bangladesh.        

E.    The Nepali hill peoples, on the contrary, are being slowly driven out of their own country by North Indian immigration, moving up from the plains along the 450 miles of common borders up to the hilly terrains of Nepal. The gradual advent of ethnic Indian immigrants’ slow domination of the Nepalese population was conspicuous recently, (i) by an ethnic Indian Madhesey being elected as the President of the New Republic of Nepal and (ii) followed by another ethnic Indian Madhesey elected as the Vice President who advertently or inadvertently took the oath of office in Hindi and not in the national language Nepali upsetting the traditional balance between the two ethnic communities, becoming a contentious issue for the ethnic Nepali public. It is highly suspect that the Govt. of India was not aware of the situation in advance, rather the Maoists, who are the single largest elected political party unable to elect their party candidates to the two important executive posts, will suspect an Indian hand in the language issue as well as the executive elections.  The language of oath issue is purportly to have been done intentionally to browbeat the Maoist and ethnic Nepalese sentiments all of whom have vehemently opposed to the 1950 Indo-Nepal Friendship Treaty. This Treaty is seen as the Indian Trojan horse by the Nepalese in the process of Sikkimisation of Nepal, a suspicion which is in the mind of all Nepali rulers, politicians as well as the lay public.    

1.    UJJM is asked why either the Sixth Schedule or separate state of Gorkhaland demand needs to be rejected just because they say so. This is a parochial thinking and no person considered assumed educated and able to translate the meaning of democracy, pose as a hurdle to deprive ethnic communities and groups, within the setup of a democratic sovereign republic. The strength as well as the weakness of India is its diversity of racial, ethnic and cultural composition, bonded by the trail and trepidations of the Indian civilization (sic Indus Valley & Harappa period 2000-5000BC) being contemporary only to the great Egyptians, Mesopotamians and Babylonians, maybe, considered even more advanced to the latter in terms of its social structure considered democratic predominantly as a political structure. Whereas, all the latter civilizations referred religiously were monotheistic nations in contrast to Indus Valley civilizations affording to claim predominantly as popular democratic city states, comparable to later Greco-Athenian city states evolved only after two-three thousand years, and later to influence the socio-political history in order to stamp the footprint of the political philosophy of Europe and the rest of the world presently.

If respectable Prof Ghosh and the organisation he heads portend to don the intellectual mask, he should discard the illusions of Bengali up-manship culture and advise change to become the true Bengali Bhadraloke, which species is presently extinct in Bengal. This will bring him in order to endeavour rapport in understanding the democratic aspirations of the hill peoples. Thereby, instead of opposing, supporting the formers demand for a state for the Darjeeling hill peoples would be otherwise justifiable, than towing the diktat of the CPM rulers who has destroyed the historical and cultural ethos, that was Bengal. No doubt, this is a Herculean challenge for him made more difficult to conserve his East Bengal background. However, if he is able to shed his intellectual hooded cloak,  replace and don one of true democracy, camaraderie, mutual friendship and peaceful co-existence, which higher values will raise his stature to claim one amongst Indians and not just Bengali, whether East or West.

The 6th Schedule presently lying on the table of Parliament has been rejected by the Darjeeling hill people without anyone having said so. This 6th Schedule was a repainted version of the existing Darjeeling Gorkha Hill Council (DGHC) to look like a new model Gorkha Hill Council Darjeeling (GHCD), and certainly does not fit the Darjeeling body. The original 6th Schedule has reference to the Northeast regions, particularly Assam, out of which areas four new northeast states were created. Incidentally, Arunachal Pradesh too was created by the 6th Schedule process followed by Union Territory and eventually a state. It is understood Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh (reintroduction) as well as Manipur have appealed for introduction of the 6th Schedule in their states.
Darjeeling Dist for your information, in deciphering its historical existence as a region is truly a 6th Schedule designated area describing its distinctiveness since the incorporation of the district under various Govt. of India legislations since British rule. Briefly explained, this goes back to the time of the imposition of the Govt. of India, Regulating Act 1773, which when applied to Darjeeling District is read as a ‘Non-Regulation District’. The same was applied to erstwhile Assam. Later on with the gradual change in govt. administrative setup vis a vis the East India Company and East India Govt., the definition of the alluded district areas underwent periodical and referential changes as Backward Tract Govt. of India Act 1870). In Assam again in 1874 the “Backward Tracts’ was converted to Scheduled Districts under the Scheduled District Act of 1874. (Whether this applied to Darjeeling District is to be verified in Govt. documents). Later on, under the Govt. of India Act 1919 under Section 52(A), the Governor General was empowered to declare any territory a Backward Tract, and to direct that any act of the Indian Legislation shall not apply, or apply subject to such modification as the Governor General in Council thinks fit.

The various Govt. of India Acts state has clearly presented Darjeeling District as a distinct (outside the purview of West Bengal administration) area and as an extension of the Northeast regions. In the wildest imagination Darjeeling district has no commonality with Bengal, in fact to the rest of India, but  more identifiable with the hill states of the Himalayas from Ladakh in the west running along the hills of the Himalayas to the ends of Arunachal Pradesh in the east including the Northeastern states. In fact it was the selfish interested Bengali mentality and politician’s who deprived the Darjeeling hills from joining with Assam and the rest of the Northeast which should have been the justifiable approach. After the departure of the British from India and who were the pioneers for creating Darjeeling for whatever its worth, the rule was transferred to Bengalis the new masters of the hill people and who connived to occupy Darjeeling as a personal fiefdom, describing it as the Crown of Bengal crafted for the size of the Bengali head. The consideration, development and welfare of the backward people were least in the mind of the new rulers. Had Darjeeling been transferred to Assam at the proper time, during the process of constitutional reforms under the Act of 1919 it is more than probable the district could have attired statehood by now following the steps taken by the backward tracts (presently to mean  the various tribal communities).

Not looking into the distinct features of the Darjeeling people and considering it separate from the Northeast region, is conspicuous in the statement of Mrs. Sushma Swaraj MP and Mr. S.S Ahluwalia MP, having stated the misconception, during the Parliamentary Standing Committee hearing on the 6th Schedule Amendment Bill 2007 and the Constitution 107 Amendment Bill 2007, that the Bill is extending Northeast regions to the plains of India and that it would open a Pandora’s box of claimence for the same recognition in the rest of India. The two eminent BJP MP’s is advised to refer to the above context of Govt. of India Acts to clear their mis-views and statement, whereas, Darjeeling is constitutionally recognized as a part of the northeast and not an appendage or an extension, which was duly referred In fact to carry the story further it was a part of the erstwhile country of Sikkim (which now happens to be the 29th state of India as well as included in the Northeast Council of states). It is a tragedy of the Darjeeling hill peoples fate that the District is neither with its parent state, Sikkim nor with a commonality state Assam, but joined with Bengal with no historical common bond, but in fact poles apart in the matter.         

If at all the UJJM would like to shed their unqualified intellectual mask and pretence of Indianess, and the original values of democracy preserved by the Bengali minds of yore they should refer the matter to Sikkim in reference to the Darjeeling hills, and the Assam Duars to the neighbouring country of Bhutan to say their piece which has been silently eschewed since the Treaty of Segowlee 1815-1816, Treaty of Titalia 1817, Deed of Darjeeling Grant 1835 applied to loss of Sikkim territories to British India, and the Proclamation regarding the annexation of the Bengal Duars 1864, Treaty of Sinchula 1865 and the Proclamation regarding annexation of the Duars 1866 in respect to loss of Bhutanese territory to British India. Now that India is a democratic Sovereign Republic the matter needs a fresh re-look guided by the Constitution of India to reverse the process of British imperialistic hegemonistic design surfeited by the ethnic people of the region whose posterity is still bonded in chain under the dominant exploited rule of Bengal carrying on the British predecessor’s trend, avowing not to allow the ethnic hill people to scout their own future. This is the new trend of Bengali parochism which has originated not from the cultural history of Bengal but showing the hydra like tentacles of erstwhile East Bengali or if you will, cultivation of immigrant Bangladeshi (mostly illegal immigrants) culture being imposed in West Bengal and adjoining states of India bordering Bangladesh.        

It follows from the above premises and conditions Gorkhaland is a justifiable demand for the Darjeeling hill peoples, just as diverse as India, but which people are bonded together by a common lingua franca Nepali language, and which is recognized as one of the Indian languages in the 8th Schedule of the Constitution. This is another justifiable factor for the Darjeeling hill peoples demand for a separate state for Nepali speaking ethnic communities under Constitutional provisions wherein, many states were formed based on the commonality of different communities speaking a common language in order to form Union states. This is an added factor besides the above stated underlying distinct features of the Darjeeling hill peoples common to the Northeast regions as discussed earlier.   

UJJM should solicit for demanding the scraping of DGHC introduced by the Govt. of West Bengal provided by the West Bengal Legislature basically for the remote control rule of Darjeeling District by proxy, creating puppets like GNLF Supremo (in the past tense) Subhash Ghissing. By this political manoeuver Bengal over a period of time crippled Ghissing intentionally, administrative and financially to the point of a lame duck pretending superfluous leadership while turned into a weakling to be rejected by his own people. The story of Ghissing’s dislodgment from power is the replica of historical incidences of malignant despotic rule brought to an end. Just as Julius Caesar was maligned by Et tu Brute, so was Ghissing brought down by his protégé Bimal Gurung the youthful leader of GJMM, who promises to deliver Gorkhaland by 2010 as per his zodiac configurations.

The GJMM has de facto scrapped the DGHC in the mindset and which administration has practically been bought to a halt by the Gorkhaland statehood demand agitation. Must UJJM be reminded, incase Prof Ghosh is out of touch with current news, GJMM and the Darjeeling hill peoples have already rejected the amended version of the 6th Schedule, introduced in Parliament, placed with the Parliamentary Standing Committee for scrutiny and now left in the cold deep fridge. Prof. Ghosh needs to read his script before professing his lectureship. It seems as though he is simply reading out the draft prepared by his CPM cadre associates, doctored for the CPM mouthpiece and for his personal gratification to don the mantle of intellectualism. When the whole of Bengal is rotting under the four decade old misrule of CPM Govt. with intellectual species like Prof. Ghosh representing the civil society, only the fall of the CPM misrule will provide a distinguishable future for West Bengal. Surely the coming elections will decide the fate of West Bengal as well as the Darjeeling hill peoples to create their dream world into a reality in achieving a statehood.           

2.    It is a quixotic and superfluous of UJJM demanding that Darjeeling District be put under state administration. Darjeeling District is under the state administration, only that the administrators are not able to perform the diktats of their political masters in Writers Building or the ground based cadre leaders. Maybe the list of questions the learned Prof has asked seems to be entangling his mind and therefore escaping his mental capitulation and blurring his perceptions. Despite the district being under the state administration, many incidental law and order problems have occurred but overall there is total order in the hills for the common person, except those directly opposing the statehood demand who may have faced some dire consequences?  In fact violence is created as a countermeasure by the state political leaders deriving mileage politicizing the administration machinery, orchestrated by utterances of CPM leaders exciting violent reaction in some forms. In Siliguri and the Duars where the CPM holds political influence, rampant public violence was thrust upon GJMM procession activists, disallowing them from democratic right to freedom of speech and assembly. It is known to all that this violent oppressive activism performed by CPM cadres and associated civil societies is considered to be premeditative and pre-emptying opposition activism. Despite such countermeasures, the GJMM activists have not reacted violently as otherwise anticipated but taken the violent and oppressive measures imposed on them maturely, under inspiration from Gandhian passivism following the footsteps of the great soul, the father of Indian independence. The recent incident of the mowing down of GJMM activist Pramila Sharma of Darjeeling by incidental bullets alleged to have been fired from the residence of Deepak Gurung, GNLF leader, may have reacted in the form of the attacks let loose on the residences of GNLF leaders in various parts of the districts and hounding them out from inhabiting then hill regions, is, but the exposition of suppressed and pent up feelings existing, the adamancy of the respective leaders in cow-towing the GJMM leadership at various levels. The adamancy of the GNLF leaders in opposing the new brand of leadership was taken as a threat and opposition to the present political agitation considered freeing the Darjeeling hill people from Bengal’s bondage. This ideal has traumatized all thought process in order to direct all available inputs directed to achieve statehood which is seen to have eluded the hill people past one century. Considering the time span and the living space denied the proverbial one track mind of the simple hill people is now in an irreversible mode. The dream is seen so close to become a reality yet so far to disbelieve. This state of mind is unapproachable and closed to all rational approaches no matter the efficacy.      

The remaining GNLF leaders including Subhash Ghissing and his close adherents, in the minds of the hill people are considered as quislings and traitors betraying the political agitation and accordingly considered dangerous for the common cause, or in another sense also feared less they raise their heads again in vengeful vendetta later. Whatever the reason, the mowing down of Pramila Sharma by gunshot did not result in anticipation public reaction which could have let loose violent trends throughout the district, but instead it was localized to offset the remaining GNLF leaders, considering their dissemination as perceived gain for the statehood cause. The common people knowing the operative skill of CPM well suspect every CPM and GNLF associates not as political opposition but opposition to destabilise the hill peoples cause, to fulfill the formers selfish and narrow intention in order to tie a noose around the hill people neck and have the prerogative of ruling the Darjeeling hills endlessly. Even Indian tourists visiting the Darjeeling hills enquire with the locals as to the reason of Darjeeling hills being a part of West Bengal. This is the general thinking of Indians happening to visit these areas. Surely the rulers of India that be in Delhi and elsewhere understands the true nature of the problem, when they whisper their lips are sealed under political compulsions specially with the CPM political hold in the Parliament and the Centre. However, after the vote of trust demanded by the CPM has been defeated the Congress and the new UPA Govt. might be favorable in listening to the bleating of the hill people’s demand for statehood. With that in mind, maybe Bimal Gurung’s prediction of achieving statehood in 2010 will be a nice thought to lull the hill people to a peaceful slumber. After all, the zodiac for the CPM does not augur well after the loss of face in the parliamentary trust motion. There is a market downward slump which is related to presumption in a change of govt. in West Bengal in the forthcoming elections. This maybe interpreted as good for West Bengal as well. This was long time in coming. It is more than probable that just as Bimal Gurung opened the blocked vocal chord of the Darjeeling hill people more than twenty one years, Ms. Mamta Banerjee with indirect support from the UPA combination of political parties’ will succeed in allowing the people of West Bengal to open their vocal chords.
Is the Govt. of West Bengal despite politicizing the administration and over lording it to fulfill their agenda, find now so weak to ask for army protection? Is it not strange, that it was the CPM who came to power applying all tactics under the roof whether threats, muscles, murder, et al, to grab power and are themselves now demanding army protection to rule the mess they have created. After all the administration was made non functionable totally by the CPM rulers. If ever the army is used, it should be to control the CPM politicians and cadre rule in Bengal, which has resulted in the introduction of a new culture vogue in West Bengal. Where have the classical Bhadraloke disappeared? The Bengalis   who fought for independence like Subhas Chandra Bose and many like him are eluded presently in reference only in respective public fora. Where are the names of the eminent Bengalis who contributed in making Calcutta the cultural centre of India? They too seemed to have vanished post departure of their British masters. After all was it not George Charnock and the British who turned a small fishing village along the bank of the Hoogly in Calcutta to make the namesake place not only the capital of India, but, the capital of Asia. Then comes the patriotic Bengali communist proletariats with imprints from Russia and Marxism to over print it in the culture of Bengal and release it from its zenith to contain the debris and relics of present day Bengal. It is only Mr.Buddhadeb Bhattacharya, CM is patriotic enough weighing his own liability in proceeding to salvage Bengal from the forty year old misrule and mismanagement of the state. It is thanks to Mr. Jyoti Basu, the chief patriarch of CPM in Bengal, nay in India, who is to be held responsible for changing the destination of Bengal from the cultural and industrial state of India to its present pitfall. Should we not emulate the trodden track of reforms and development process ventured by the greatest communist countries in the world Russia and China and all the former eastern European nations, with the exception of Fidel Castro’s Cuba and our own state Kerala. The whole world is gearing up with reforms to partake its share in global economics. Considering this scenario Jyoti Babu should come out, even at this age and accept his mistake for creating the blunder in Bengal. Otherwise it will not be long before history will interpret him in his true light. The countdown has begun, he still has time before settling him down in history books. The great communist leaders of yore were never spared their wrongs including Joseph Stalin, Mao Tse Tung and others. Even space for Fidel Castro of Cuba is already reserved in the history of Cuba, which predictably will be joined with the names of the former two. Jyoti Basu is advised well in advance.

3.    UJJM wants Clause-VII the Indo Nepal Treaty 1950 repealed. Prof Ghosh will be thanked by Prachanda and the Maoists of Nepal in due time for requesting this favour. This is exactly what the Nepalese have been asking since long. In fact scrapping the entire Indo Nepal Treaty 1950 was one of the primary agendas of Prachanda’s Maoist movement besides removal of the theistic monarchy of the Shah Gorkha Kings which was successfully terminated. Clause VII is the controversial item which though sounding mutually acceptable is otherwise unacceptable to the Nepali people. The past and ancient history of Nepal, always speaks of Nepal under the suzerain of Indian kingdoms, although in effect Nepal has protected its independent isolation despite being hemmed in by two great neighbours in the north and south, which both were suspect at that point of time in history as of now also. But under the present situation with a large Indian migrant population in the Terai plains is a matter of great concern in respect of the future polity of the country. In fact even the ordinary Nepalese they suspect to the possibility of demographic ethnic Indianisation of Nepal, proceeding to the phrase commonly now referred as ‘Sikkimisation’ considered a real possibility. This has been recently established with the election of two heads of the country from the ethnic Indian Madhesay community.
Already stated earlier the oath taking ceremony of the Vice President has further raised the level of suspicion in the already affected Nepalese mind.
4.    UJJM and its leadership should be legally prosecuted for instigating deportation of all foreign Nepalese nationals, to be identified and pushed back to Nepal. One might ask Prof. Ghosh under what charges of cetaceous crime whether any committed or not should the Nepalese be recharged. The Govt. of Nepal must immediately take up the matter with their Indian counterparts, asking for the legality and apology from the Indian govt. for touching the emotional sentiments of the Nepalese citizens residing in India as well as in Nepal. The Siliguri based body UJJM should be required to make a public statement to the contention and validity of their expression in demanding the expulsion of all foreign Nepalese ‘should be identified and pushed back to Nepal as per the Foreigners Act 1864’ (as being done in the case of illegal Bangladeshi migrants).

As per the 1950 Indo Nepal Treaty, the status of both Indians and Nepalese are clearly defined, whereas citizens of either country are to be treated equally with freedom to reside in India, work, establish business, acquire property, etc as nationals of either country.  Under the Indian Citizenship Act 1950, all Nepali immigrants is allowed Indian citizenship if they so desire after discarding the Nepali citizenship. It was further amended Nepalese citizens residing in India after 1945 till the Promulgation of the Indian Citizenship Act 1950 are also allowed access to acquire Indian Citizenship accordingly.

It is the East Bengalis now Bangladeshis who are staying under Indian territory illegally, alleged to using govt. machinery process and using political shelter which needs to be addressed and acted upon. This is a burning issue which is known to the people of Bengal, Govt. of West Bengal and the Centre, who are all aware of the magnitude of the problem but with no political will to take a stand for reasons known to all. It is high time now; this perennial problem is addressed legally, politically and internationally, once and for all.

Prof Ghosh’s reference to the Foreigners Act 1864 which is referred to, Nepali’s are to be pushed back to Nepal is invalid, illegal and contradictory to Articles of the Indo-Nepal Treaty of 1950.By quoting this Act without understanding its implications in terms of India’s diplomatic relations with Nepal, Prof. Ghosh is only exposing the defense of illegal immigrants from Bangladesh which it is assuaged is covered by the mentioned Foreigners Act 1864. The provision for illegal immigrants is a criminal offence and require to be treated as such under any court of law, obtaining voting right only to prove citizenship by producing ration cards as well as false birth certificates etc is surely not provided under the Indian Citizenship Act of 1950, and that the validity of all signed certificates must be scrutinized, verified and processed by the designated authority under the Indian Citizenship Act 1950. Foreigners if found illegally entering or residing in the country must be boarded on the first available flight back to their country of origin as is the practice and accepted norm internationally.

5.    UJMM’s fifth and the last demand to set up barb fencing along the border post is a ludicrous and a lunatic demand when the Indo Nepal Treaty 1950, repeat Art VII clearly defines the status of either countries citizens role clearly without any let or hindrance mutually. Legally, the citizen of either country can literally walk in or walk out of each others country at any time with neither the use of a passport nor even a slip of paper. For all practical purposes, those two neighbours are sovereign states as far as mutuality of citizens are concerned, the two countries behave as one. Unlike the Indian border with Bangladesh which are intentionally barbed fenced, policed and administered for specific reasons concerning not only cross border illegal immigration, mostly from Bangladesh into India, but otherwise for different reasons of internal security perceptions, diplomatic and international relations. The Indian relationship with Nepal cannot be compared with the same eyes on Bangladesh. India’s relations with erstwhile East Pakistan was one of foreign relations, strategic and geopolitical standing. However, after the liberation of Bangladesh the threat equation has changed to perception of internal security with the increase in illegal Bangladeshi immigrants turning into Indian citizens unconstitutionally thereby opening up a floodgate of further illegal immigrants, which has completely changed the demography of West Bengal, Assam, Tripura, Mizoram affecting these states adversely in  more than one way, thereby becoming a nuisance and a perennial problem of ethnic disputes.    
Hillman- The Analyst

14 Responses

  1. I think that the World needs a lingua franca as well.

    If you have time you might like to see

  2. I was interested to find this blog. 20 years ago I had a book published on different economic concepts to point the way to a sustainable world economy. Someone who liked the book recently contacted me to suggest that I update and re-publish it as a blog. She set up the blog, and the book is now complete on the blog in a series of postings. Here is the link:

    With all good wishes,
    Charles Pierce

  3. 2 new articles on Gorkhaland at :

    1. Understanding the demand for Gorkhaland – an introductory note.

    2. Tales from the Gorkha region: crimes, oppression, and the fading memory of Baburam Dewan

    We find your articles and analysis very valuable. Please continue the good work.

    In view of the misunderstandings and confusions which are being deliberately created regarding the history of the region and the migratory movements, we are setting out below a brief outline of the history based on official sources.
    Historically, what is known as the district of Darjeeling today was parts of two kingdoms during the pre-British period – the kingdoms of Sikkim and Bhutan. Following wars and treaties signed with these two kingdoms, this territory came under the control of the British Empire in India. This territory was not a part of Nepal when the British took over, and, therefore, cannot be considered as part of the ‘ceded territories’ of Nepal, as is being claimed by GNLF.
    The present territory of Darjeeling came under British occupation during the nineteenth century in three stages. In 1835, by a deed of grants signed on 1st February, the Raja of Sikkim ceded a portion of the hills to the British to help them to set up a sanatorium. This area covered all the land south of the Great Rangit river, east of Balasan, Kahel and Little Rangit rivers and west of the Rangnu and Mahananda rivers. The second stage followed war with Sikkim, which resulted in the annexation of ‘Sikkim Morang’ or ‘Terai’ at the foot of the hills, and a portion of the Sikkim hills bounded by the Rammam rivers on the north, by the Great Rangit and the Teesta on the east and by the Nepal frontier on the west. This area too had always been under Sikkim, excepting the Morang or Terai in the foothills which was for a time (1788-1816) conquered and ruled by Nepal, but, following the war with Nepal during (1814-1816) this tract was ceded to the British Government which in turn returned it to the Raja of Sikkim. The third stage was marked by a war between British India and Bhutan, which led in 1864 to the annexation of the hill tract to the east of Teesta, west of Ne-chu and De-chu rivers and south of Sikkim.
    In other words, the present territory of Darjeeling historically belonged to Sikkim and Bhutan, and was included in India following wars and agreement with these two countries. Only the Terai part of the territory (and not the hills) was for a time conquered by Nepal from Sikkim, but was then returned to Sikkim in 1816, long before the district of Darjeeling took shape. As for the hill areas of the present day Darjeeling, where the Nepali-speaking population constitute the overwhelming majority, there is no recorded historical evidence of this ever being part of Nepal.
    Furthermore, the native population of the district did not comprise of the population of Nepali origin. Both the Nepalis and the Bengalis came to the territory as immigrants following the development of the tea industry and the expansion of the administration. To quote the Bengal district Gazetteers, authors by Arthur Jules Dash and published by the British government of Bengal (1947 edition, Darjeeling part, Chapter III):
    “When the East India Company in 1835 first acquired the nucleus of the Darjeeling district from the Raja of Sikkim, it was almost entirely under forest and practically inhabited… this hill tract of 138 square miles contained a population of 100”.
    “The decision of the Company to develop Darjeeling as a hill resort gave the opportunity to neighbouring peoples to immigrate and take part in the development. The original inhabitants, probably Lepchas, were rapidly outnumbered by settlers from Nepal and Sikkim. By the year 1850, Dr. Campbell, the first superintendent reported that the number of inhabitants had risen to 10,000. The rapid influx was noted by Sir Joseph Hocker when he visited Darjeeling about that time. When in 1869 a rough census was taken of the inhabitants of this tract, the total was found to be over 22,000.”
    Thus it was overwhelmingly a forest land by 1869, with a population of not more than 22,000. However by the time of the first census of India in 1872, the population had rapidly increased to 94,712, and by the turn of the century, in 1901 it was 2,49,117. This increase was mainly connected with the development of tea industry and the opportunities for wasteland cultivation. The tea plantations, beginning in the 1850s, increased to 74 estates covering 14,000 acres in 1872, 153 estates and 30,000 acres in 1881, and 177 estates and 45,000 acres in 1891. While the labourers for the tea estates in the Terai plains were mostly tribals from Bihar, in the hills the great majority of the workers were from Nepal. Once the tea industry developed, this led to further economic activities and created demand for more immigrants, many of whom now took to agriculture. The migration from Nepal continued in subsequent years. Even in 1931, out of a total population of 3,19,635, there were 59,016 had come from Nepal, in addition to the vast number of offsprings from the earlier waves of migration from Nepal, who constituted the majority, By 1941, 86.8 per cent of the population in the three hill sub-divisions on Darjeeling were Nepali-speaking, while other hillmen and scheduled castes constituted another 8.1 per cent.
    To quote from W. W. Hunter’s authoritative account (A Statistical Account of Bengal, Volume X, London, 1876);
    “The Lepchas are considered to be the aboriginal inhabitants of the hilly portion of the district. At all events they are the first known occupiers of this tract and of independent Sikkim.”
    Regarding the Nepalis, who constituted 34 per cent of the population of the district by 1876, while the majority of the populations in the district were non-Nepaliese, Hunter’s account stated:
    “The Nepalise, who form 34 per cent of the population of the district, are all immigrants from the state of Nepal to the westward. They are a pushing, thriving race, and the Deputy Commissioner is of opinion that they will in time occupy the whole district.”
    According to Hunter, even by 1876, “the population of the district is entirely rural,” and even Darjeeling and Kurseong had populations less than 5,000. But in subsequent years the population of Darjeeling grew, thanks to the support given by the British as a health resort for the Europeans, from 3,157 in 1872 to 7,018 in 1881; 14,145 in 1891, and 16,924 in 1901.
    This historical account is given to make the point that the development of the hill area of Darjeeling has been largely the outcome of activities relating to tea and tourist industries over the past one hundred years or so, before which it was sparsely populated, and the people of Nepali origin constituting the vast majority of the population there now came as immigrants from Nepal. There is, therefore, no historical validity in claiming this as a part of the territory ceded by the Government of Nepal to the British Empire in India.
    Nor is this proper to view the growth of population in the hills in isolation from the developments in the plains, where too the forest lands were cleared to set up plantations and migrant labourers were brought in for work in tea gardens and associated activities. As in the case of Darjeeling hills, the towns in Jalpaiguri and Siliguri sub-division largely owe their origin to tea industry, but whereas in Darjeeling the migrant labourers were mostly from Nepal, in the plains they were mostly recruited from the tribal areas of Bihar. In addition the Bengalis were brought in for clerical and administrative work and for various professional activities.

  5. The Centre has asked the state government to find out if there were any chances of ethnic violence in the Hills post the second tripartite meeting due in November-end.
    Sources said the ministry of home affairs has information that there could be large-scale violence in the Hills following the second tripartite meeting, which is likely to be held between November 26 and 28. The MHA fears that the meeting might fail and lead to intense clashes.
    “The report must be filed on a priority basis, because the tripartite meeting is nearing,” said a senior official at Writers’ Buildings. The state home department has therefore, already started its investigations. The IB has informed its state counterpart that quite a few foreign hands are supporting those involved in the ongoing agitation in the Hills.
    The home ministry wants the state to step up vigil on army installations located along National Highways 31A, 31 and 55 – specifically on Binaguri, Kalimpong and Sukna points and the Mountain Division in Sikkim. It fears that an outbreak of trouble in the Hills and the Dooars may affect the movement of security forces.

  6. 1. Darjeeling is second richest dist of w.b. due to govt dole. 2. Many area of india is
    more poor then darjeeling.3. pelting stone to tourist,not paying taxes etc are anti national act. 4. Threating govt servent is a crime under IPC. 5. Already their is a complete nepali state in india named sikkim , naturaly identiy problem is a false theory.6.Non nepalis and some nepalis are very much against so called GL. 7. Darjeeling having the best schools and colleges in india. 8. For more developmennt ask Ghishing and Bimal, what they do with govts money.9. In darjeeling life style is very much westernise and expensive. so money is here in darjeeling. 10. What is the source or GJMMs money.

  7. ‘वृहत्तर नेपाल’ की मांग शुरू ‘वृहत्तर नेपाल’ की मांग शुरू नेपाली फिल्म निर्माता मनोज पंडित की वृहत्तर नेपाल के निर्माण विषय पर बने वृत्तचित्र में दिखाया गया है कि 19 वीं सदी में भारत पर शासन करने वाली ईस्ट इंडिया कंपनी और नेपाल के बीच हुए युद्ध में हार के बाद सुगौली संधि के द्वारा नेपाल की एक-तिहाई जमीन पर भारत का कब्जा हो गया।नेपाली फिल्म निर्माता मनोज पंडित की वृहत्तर नेपाल के निर्माण विषय पर बने वृत्तचित्र में दिखाया गया है कि 19 वीं सदी में भारत पर शासन करने वाली ईस्ट इंडिया कंपनी और नेपाल के बीच हुए युद्ध में हार के बाद सुगौली संधि के द्वारा नेपाल की एक-तिहाई जमीन पर भारत का कब्जा हो गया।एकीकृत नेपाल नेशनल फ्रंट नामक संगठन ने भारत से जमीन वापस करने की मांग शुरू की है। इसके अध्यक्ष फणींद्र नेपाल द्वारा लिखित पुस्तक ‘वृहत्तर नेपाल’ ने मनोज पंडित के वृत्तचित्र के लिए मूल सामग्री का काम किया है।नेपाल के राष्ट्रवादियों का कहना है कि 1950 में भारत-नेपाल के बीच हुई मैत्री और शांति संधि के बाद सुगौली संधि समाप्त हो चुकी है। एकीकृत नेपाल नेशनल फ्रंट नामक संगठन ने भारत से जमीन वापस करने की मांग शुरू की है। इसके अध्यक्ष फणींद्र नेपाल द्वारा लिखित पुस्तक ‘वृहत्तर नेपाल’ ने मनोज पंडित के वृत्तचित्र के लिए मूल सामग्री का काम किया है।नेपाल के राष्ट्रवादियों का कहना है कि 1950 में भारत-नेपाल के बीच हुई मैत्री और शांति संधि के बाद सुगौली संधि समाप्त हो चुकी है। उनका कहना है कि भारत को पहले की संधि के प्रावधानों को समाप्त करके कब्जा की गई जमीन नेपाल को वापस कर देनी चाहिए। **DEMAND FOR GORKHA AUTONOMOUS COUNCIL IN ASSAM BY GORKHA STUDENTS UNION Activists of Volunteer Cell of of All Assam Gorkha Students’ Union (AAGSU) and Gorkha Autonomous Council Demand Committee (GACDC) participating in a mass rally at Sonaram High School, Bharalumukh in Guwahati on 26-12-04 organized in demand of Gorkha Autonomous Council. **GJMM IS DEMANDING GORKHALAND IN WEST BENGAL. ** NEPALIS MAO-BADI ORGANISATION(BHOPALI) IS ATTEMPTING TO UNREST IN BHUTAN. From the above it is crystal clear that Nepalis/gorkhas are most opportunist and ungreatfull community and they are also threat for India and other countries. No doubt Bhutan has done a great job in this respect.So, It is high time, Union government should fence the whole Nepal border to check the unabated migration of Nepalis into India everyday and must identify the ‘Nepali infiltrators’ residing in India.

  8. Bhutan must claim kalimpong

    Bhutan army has a presence in kalimpong and the residence of the queen mother in kalimpong is guarded by contingents of the bhutanese army and the indian army. There are huge areas of territory in kalimpong that is owned by the bhutanese royal family and Govt. of Bhutan.People of Kalimpong are still paying rent that goes directly to the bhutan government. Sometime when you seek to buy these ‘Bhutan’ owned lands in kalimpong you need to seek FERA clearance for those transactions.In view of the above Bhutan must claim kalimpong from India.

  9. NOW YOUR WAR IS OVER. Statehood activists may be reminded that most statehood demands are more emotional than logical. Stay with your emotions bcause your demand is not logical and ground realities are not properly investigated.
    Giving Darjeeiing back to Sikkim, it would restore the historical unity of this region. Old Sikkim was the land of the Bhutias and Lepchas; the future Sikim would be a Nepali-dominated state of the Indian Union, which would respond to the frustrations of the Nepalis of India and defuse today’s tensions.

    If Darjeeling and Sikkim were to be united, as they were in the past, it would create a Nepali-majority state that has economic clout, with culture to match. The historical partitioning was hardly strategic and had to do with the British need for a sanatorium in the hills. On the other hand, Darjeeling and Sikkim share the same history and geography, and today they also share the same language and ethnicities.Darjeeling, would provide the economic and cultural backbone of the new state to a degree that is out of the reach of present-day Sikkim. Once they are assured of an honourable home in the Indian Union, the Indian Nepalis, who are culturally sophisticated, will immediately undergo a cultural resurgence.

  10. Gorkhaland or Gundaland????

    It is so important for the public to find out what is going in Darjeeling and where the movement is heading. From what I have found out so far, these are the following facts (which I request interested people to challenge anytime) that I would like to place before all of you and let you decide whether the so called quest for a separate state sounds as honest as some of the leaders are proclaiming.

    Darjeeling is being held hostage by three previous GNLF gang members, namely Nicole Tamang, Deven Sharma and Dinesh Thing. Nicole and Deven are from ropeway, Singamari. Dinesh is from Patlebas. These three individuals have amongst themselves managed to amass crores of rupees so far so fast already and it would not be unfair to say that Bimal Gurung is totally aware of that fact but keeps quiet for innumerable reasons. These three left over gangsters from the Ghising dynasty control all the contractors in DGHC, PWD as well as the National Highway among other departments. They have hired a bunch of local goons to do their jobs for them and are getting richer by the day. By the time a separate state is formed in Darjeeling, they would have enough wealth and power to continue their mafia type rule exactly like what Ghising did for twenty years.

    Under the shadow of these three knights of Bimal Gurung here are the following characters that are making lots of kills in the eco system very much like the hyenas of the Kalahari:

    Pravin Subba from Keerabari looks after the Railway and also PWD and several other departments. Nirmal Subba supervises the Darjeeling Municipality. A notable and much highlighted leader on the making Roshan Giri formerly with AGSU who grew to fame after the Dawa Palzor Drug case where he was awarded with 5 lakhs of rupees for aiding and rescuing the convict. A personality that has zero knowledge about Darjeeling and who obviously sounded like a rickshaw puller while in conversation with the Bengali leaders of Bengal.

    Dawa Lama is their cashier and handles the transactions. D.K. Pradhan a renowned don of GNLF is seen closely walking and standing alongside Bimal Gurung and their relationship seems to be strengthening every passing day. Please mind you these are all Central Committee members! As for Binoy Tamang, Amar Lama, Taranga Pandit, Isamani Pakhrin, Raju Pradhan and Dr. Harka Bdr. Chhetri, I have begun to doubt their intentions and will further investigate and get to the bottom of their involvement in this grand theft of the people of Darjeeling. Don’t be surprised if they come out as dirty as their comrades because they are as equally aware of what is actually going on inside that office of theirs. If one isn’t a part of the solution he is indeed a part of the problem as someone once said. And so is every single individual from Darjeeling if we let this scam go uninterrupted.

    It is also a known rumor that GNLF strongmen Tilak Dewan and Lokey Gurung are constantly in touch with them and all ready to come back once again to join in the highway robbery.

    The scenario in Darjeeling is getting more pathetic by the day. Lawlessness prevails and goons are getting prosperous. And all this even before there is any sign of a separate state. Imagine what it will be like after a state is formed? It will become ten times worse than Bihar, take my word for it. There is no check and balance and nothing and no one to contest or question the more and more authoritative nature of the present leaders in Darjeeling.

    Are we making way for a dictator like Ghising to come in and make us his slaves one more time? Why aren’t learned individuals from all walks of life participating in the Tripartite meetings and discussions and debates? Is it because the leaders fear that they might not sound as accurate and reasonable in front of them? Or is it because the leaders are as evil as Ghising and believe that they can get away with another 20 years of ravaging the spirit of the people of Darjeeling? Is it not a democratic world that we all live in? The irony is that we are citizens of the largest democracy in the world!! Where are the voices of the public? Are the public just fit to wear “daura suruwal and chowbandi cholo”? Are the public just fit for tagging behind gangsters and their threats? Are the public’s sole purpose to just host cultural programs and sing and dance their time away? If they are so against the State government why aren’t they dissolving the DGHC? Is it because it is a money making machine for the few selected crooks? Why in the world are they calling it a Gandhian type of movement when they are practicing violence towards any critic of theirs. Why was it necessary to thrash down Glenary’s? Why was it necessary to smear people with disgusting black chemicals if they did not want to wear ‘daura suruwal’? What are they doing making children sit for 48 hours of hunger strike? Don’t they know the implications of these disastrous methods? Don’t they want to look different from GNLF?


    Back Drop

    It will be justified if we begin our discussions from 1950, because from 26.1.1950 the constitution of India was commenced, Indo Nepal Friendship Treaty was also signed and ratified on 31st July 1950. It is also necessary to mention that in the year 1988 on 23rd august through an extraordinary gazette notification the government of India clarified that amongst the class of people known as Gorkhas, only those who were either born or had been resident in the territory of India from before 26.1.1950. are citizens of India.

    Facts and figures

    Number of Nepali speakers in Darjeeling district on 1951 was 88,958. This is the basic figure or the actual number of Nepali speakers in Darjeeling district at the commencement of the constitution of India. Just after a decade, 1961 census the number of Nepali speakers in Darjeeling rises to 369,130.which means an addition of 280,172 persons. The average percentage of growth rate in West Bengal in that same census was + 32′ 80% when calculated according to this growth rate the justified increase of the Nepali speakers would be by 29,178. which would make a total of 88958+29178=118,136 which should have been the actual number of Nepali speakers for the decade ending in the year 1961 for Darjeeling district. Evidently the extraordinary increase in the number of Nepali speakers in Darjeeling district that is 369,130-118,136=250,994 was exogenous, which means they were foreigners from Nepal migrated to India by courtesy of Indo Nepal Treaty. It is a matter of great regret that the same trend is continued till to day unmonitored and uncared. These days the number of migrants from Nepal increased in an unimaginable rate, for example the growth rate of Nepali speakers in India in a decade 1981 to 1991 was + 52’62% from 1991 to 2001 it was + 38’29% .This huge number of foreigners created by Indo Nepal Treaty had come to India as non citizen legal migrants, but in flagrant violation of all the legal provision and constitutional obligations, the Nepali nationals are taking part in political agitations and other activities including elections in India. Shockingly our governments have preferred to remain silent spectators to this circus of extreme disrespect to the constitutional restrictions of our country. These migrants from Nepal continues to pour in through the open boarder unchecked, uncounted through ages no one cares to know who they are where from are thy coming, why are they coming, where do they go in India ,what do they do here in India, alas! It seems this is no body’s concern here, the governments seem to have forgotten their constitutional compulsions to preserve the sanctity of the same.

    All India Gorkha League an opportunistic political out fit organized their central office at Darjeeling in the year 1952 with the intention to use the migrants from Nepal to achieve narrow political gains. The protagonists of All India Gorkha League started politicizing the whole issue and under cover of those so called political moves they tried to camouflage the continued migration from Nepal to India, as a part of this evil design the Gorkha leaguers initiated ingenious inclusion of the whole of Nepali migrants into the domestic polity of India at Bengal province, Nepali identity was skillfully concealed behind British legacy to artificially promulgate a continuity from pre independence time in India which was in no way even near the truth, the nomenclature ‘ Gorkha’ (which was never an ethnic identity) or the emblem of crossed ‘Khukris’were selected as symbols of identity for the whole community, only for its pertinence to the Gorkha regiment of British Indian Army. The inane and dangerous politics of A.I.G.L. at Darjeeling, wherein they aligned the aliens from Nepal (Beneficiaries of Indo Nepal Treaty) with the citizens of India, unfortunately both belonging to the same linguistic community of Nepali speakers, which was an advantage for the aspirants of A.I.G.L. The hostile polarization of a bellicose community was the target of the Gorkha leaguers and this sort of political maneuvers are apt to produce certain concomitant eventualities like general deterioration of law and order situation and Darjeeling was no exception. Being connected to India and Indianism through only an imaginary umbilical cord of British Gorkha regiment, which was actually a hypothesis of convenience for the foreigner Nepali nationals in India, it was an easy mission for their mentors in inculcate unreasonable communal hatred against the Bengalese in the hills of Darjeeling. In the year 1961 the so called rally in Darjeeling town in support of the demand for official recognition of Nepali language marks the beginning of marginalization for Bengalese in the hills of Darjeeling, through intimidation, assaults and coercion. Never less than eighty to ninety percent of the teachers, government servants, hoteliers and other businessmen of the hills were Bengalese, who began to recede on the face of organized violence of the land grabber foreign aggressors in our Indian soil. Even though there was full scale anti Bengali rioting by the aggressors of Gorkha league in the year 1970, non interference and inactivity of the government was conspicuous and in absence of constitutional governance the supreme leader of the rioters Mr Deoprakash Rai projected himself to be one and only one extra constitutional authority in his domain of the hills, it was he who initiated the riot ideologically and when the victims were scared enough to get the message he wanted to convey he reversed his role into that of a messiah for the victim Bengalese. This shame full surrender of the constitutional authority of India on the face of atrocities from the so called Gorkha aggressors, the majority of whom were confirmed foreigners from Nepal, was on principle the end of the rule of law in Darjeeling. On the face of continued intimidation and coercion and even attacks on private residences of Bengalese who were majorities in all three hill towns namely Darjeeling , Kurseong and Kalimpong, residing at those places from last 100 to 150 years, Chandmari, Guddi road, Ferendal road, Bilombari road, Dhobitola, Victoria falls and the vicinity of municipal building, every place had been densely inhabited by the Bengalese. Other than the government servants what we have already mentioned, the chairman of the municipalities and 70 to 80 percent of the municipal commissioners were Bengalese. The estates that belonged to Bengalese were forcibly occupied by the foreigner Nepalese by their fascistic gangster rule that they were allowed to continue unhindered and unabated all through Darjeeling hills till today .leaving aside the smaller private residences of Bengalese, let us take an account of the important heritage premises; the research laboratory of Sri Jagadish Chandra Bose with its surrounding compound, the huge compound of Basanti annex which belonged to Deshbandhu Chitta.Ranjan.Das, the land and the villas with the Capital Hall which belonged to Maharaja of Coochbehar , Lalkuthi the present day office of the D.G.H.C.and the surrounding land, all belonged to the same Maharaja and at present under forcible occupation of the intruders, the Burdwan House with its estate, a huge plot of land under the bridge of Victoria falls which had been Mr Biren Ghose’s nursery, the house of the Kusharies on all the land space above Victoria falls, Maharani Girls’ School, Ramkrishna Siksha Parisad, RamkrishnaVedanta Ashram temple with the huge school attached to it founded by Swami Abhedananda, all these were Bengali schools and Bengali organizations. Whether it was Luis Jubilee Sanatorium, or the rail way stations every where the workers and officers were mostly Bengalese so also were the tea gardens where most of the managerial staff, clerical and technical staff were Bengalese. The largest dairy farm of this region was a Bengali farm (Ganguli’s) at Sonada near Darjeeling town. This never ending list establishes the fact that the hill towns with surroundings were naturally inhabited and dominated by Bengalese, the inhabitants of Bengal. Mass scale intrusion of the Nepali nationals as labourers and other fortune hunters in the tea gardens and surrounding rural areas brought in a massive change in linguistic demographic pattern of the region. This has to be mentioned with great regret that all the institutions of government of India had been a non interfering spectator of this upset in demography even when the foreign nationals out numbered the genuine nationals of the country. Empowered by the indulgence of inaction from the government agencies these aggressive band of gangsters ousted the Indian citizens from this part of Indian soil through continued intimidation and coercions, being helpless due to failure of the government to come in rescue Bengalese had to leave their favorite hill towns where most of them were born, and those were the places which grew up in their own hands and at the expense of their tax money. After relinquishment of Bengalese the hills of Darjeeling entered the era of domination by the gang stars of mostly or almost totally foreign nationals, census figures of 1971- 446,446, 1981- 1991 to 2001, are clear and true evidences of overwhelming growth of foreign Nepali nationals in Darjeeling district. As because the command and control of the administration in the hills of North Bengal virtually had gone into the hands of gang stars of the Nepali community due to continued appeasement from the administrative authorities on one side and unabated in pouring of endless flow of the Nepali migrants as intruders in our polity on the other side, in the year 1983 December, Mr Subhas Ghising emerged as a leader of the so called Gorkha National Liberation Front in Darjeeling and submitted a memorandum to the king of Nepal asking him to take measures to settle certain imaginary geopolitical disputes in India concerning the migrated people from Nepal to India, this gentleman who is practically a leader of the foreigners from Nepal in India, had no hesitation to send copies of this memorandum to U.N.O. and to the heads of many other foreign countries. Even after this disregard shown to the sovereignty and the constitutional authorities of India, our government preferred to act as if it is unaware and remained un-interfering. This same out fit G.N.L.F. continued with violent fascistic atrocities in the name of Gorkhaland movement from 13th April 1986 to 23rd August 1988.During this time period governance from the side of administration was totally absent in Darjeeling. Brutalities and killings were daily affair in Darjeeling, as the Bengalese were already ousted and out numbered in the hills, hence this time the target was political cleansing no one except the followers of the communal outfit of so called Gorkha interest were allowed to survive or operate in the hills, this is conspicuous from the virtual absence of any political activity from any one of the all India political parties in Darjeeling. C.P.I.M. a political party which had some political foot hold in the hills achieved through appeasement of course, received most of the beating. Chopped off head of C.P.I.M. leader was even hanged in a public place in Darjeeling town in one or two episodes, but not even a single eyebrow was raised and this sort imported cruelties continued on our sacred soil. Kidnapping, rioting, arson, attack on police force continued un interfered from 1986 to1988, government properties worth not less two hundred crores were destroyed shockingly for the Indians of this area, almost all the heritage buildings of the hills were burnt to ashes, which was but natural for the foreign national fortune hunters in our soil who does not have any emotional connection with our land and heritage. We have already shown how the basic figure of Nepali speaker Indian nationals hiked to an increase of more than three times in one decade and that the trend continued in Darjeeling district at the same rate or even more through decades after decades, this ‘Psunami’ of foreigners in Indian soil after ensuring sustenance here in India want achieve political space by any means. If this not war situation for a country what else is it then?
    The situation was of trickily executed foreign invasion of the hereditary land grabbers from Nepal, our political leaders failed to appreciate the gravity of the situation, and were busy with petty terminology for classification of the movement as to whether this is separatist or anti-national, only to achieve short term smaller political gains at the cost of the sanctity of our mother land, the leaders of the national political parties did not have the commitment within them to take the bull by its horns. It was a grim situation and a national crisis yet there were none from the side of the administration to say enough is enough or to ask for identifying the foreigner Nepali migrants in Darjeeling so that they can be debarred from taking part in political movements unlawfully and continue with such horrifying and savage activities, the local inhabitants of the plain lands of Darjeeling district as usual remained unheard, even though few study forums of the plains of north Bengal namely Bangiyo Jubo Kalyan parishad, Siliguri and Bangiyo Adhikar Mancha, Bagdogra kept on sending memorandums and letters tirelessly to all the concerned institutions of central and state government, may be because these Indian organizations took to pen and not gun and preferred not to go for social disobedience in their own country, our government did not think it necessary to hear them. Hence rampant anarchy and lawlessness in the name of so called movement went on and despite all the atrocities administration sponsored appeasement continued too, as an inevitable outcome of this appeasement Subhas Ghising the leader of G.N.L.F. secured the post of the chairman of one newly formed autonomous body named D.G.H.C. very soon the chair man of D.G.H.C. Mr Ghising placed himself above all the laws and norms of India and refused to show accounts of the expenditure of government money or to submit utilization certificate for the same, but even that too was borne with patient shrugs of shoulder. It is not a concealed fact that the chief minister of the state or even the prime minister of the country had to wait for green signal from those aggressors to hold a meeting at Darjeeling, as usual the government had nothing to do about that too and over looked it. Mr Ghising was well aware about the presence of the huge number of foreign nationals residing in India in general and Darjeeling district in particular, practically those foreign nationals were the main strength of his movement, this fact is clearly understood when we take notice of the fact that as an aftermath of the deportation of Nepali labourers picked up from the coal mines of Assam it was actually the fear psychosis of Nepali nationals residing in India which triggered overwhelming support and attendance in the black flag day meeting at Chawkbazar Darjeeling on 13th April 1986 convened by Mr Ghising, in fact this huge gathering was beyond even the wildest dream of Ghising, because this was the first time that Mr Ghising could collect listeners for his oratory, from this time onwards Mr Ghising following the path of 1952 and Mr Bhandari the ex chief minister of Sikkim took up the strategy of preserving this support base of foreign nationals in India for him and his G.N.L.F. through an illusory deceit of obtaining Indian citizenship for the migrated Nepali nationals in India. These foreigners from Nepal were at one hand frightened about their stay in India which was essential for their sustenance and on the other hand they were anxious to get the guarantee of Indian citizenship too. They new that they were foreigners, hence they were aggressive with there teeth and nail, this psychology of the migrants of Indo Nepal Treaty is evident in their abnormally aggressive attitude at political rallies or public meetings where they appear with Khukris hanging from their belts. The government authorities knowing fully well that those aggressors from the days of language rally of 1961 to the black flag day meeting of 1986 were mostly foreigners, did not care to even blink an eye lid on this issue for reasons best known to them. Mr Ghising over zealous after subversion of the government authorities in Darjeeling on the face of threat from him and his outfit G.N.L.F fortified his seize on the hills of north Bengal by deliberately defying the state government in all spheres. Meanwhile right from the beginning of his active movement that is the ghastly days of 1986 Ghising was continuously harping on two points, one was the clamour for incorporation of territory of Darjeeling and Doars of north Bengal into India, he opined that those were ceded land of Nepal, unclaimed hence rendered no mans land and lease hold land of Bhutan respectively, the other point was claim for grant of Indian citizenship for so called Gorkhas of India, the number of whom he opined were 60 lacs but according to census of India Nepali speakers in the year1981 was 1,360,636 and even in 1991 it was 2,076, India. This is one evidence which unveils the unholy design and the intention of the G.N.L.F. leader, he was knowingly trying to mislead govt of India to unlawfully achieve grant of Indian citizenship for foreigners from Nepal under ‘incorporation of territory'(Act 7 of the Citizenship act, Acquisition of) and continue this process indefinitely which could be absorbed into the cushion of fictitious sixty lacs of Nepali speakers in India. Unfortunately for Mr Ghising he could not procure his desired order for incorporation of territory from government of India, after being unsuccessful in this futile attempt to deceitfully manage citizenship for Nepali nationals in India this time his claim was for autonomous hill council in Darjeeling under provisions of 6th schedule of the constitution of India, visibly it was a frantic attempt from him to create an area within India which would remain an enter pot for the Nepali nationals from across the boarder under Indo Nepal Treaty and fraudulently convert them into Indian citizens. But this proposal of Mr Ghising did not get its passage through parliament and was referred to parliamentary standing committee, smelling chances of indefinite delay Ghising wanted to become the perpetual ruler of the hills. All legal and constitutional obligations of our country were flouted, all decorum of democracy disregarded as Ghising refused to go to election till the bill for promulgation of 6th schedule in Darjeeling hills is through. The subverted government failed to protect the sovereignty of the constitution of India, shamefully the constitutional authority of the state succumbed to the atrocities and threat from a handful of foreigner gang stars. With great regret and pain the Indian citizens of the plains of north Bengal observed that when all the forums of administration turned their deaf ear to the bona fide citizens the agents of contrary to the expectation the foreigners were appeased, elections postponed on their demand, nothing was virtually possible in the hill area without their consent. But inevitable outcome of this nonchalant attitude from the government, the protector of the sovereignty of the country gave birth to another monster Mr. Bimal Gurung, an ex gang star lieutenant of Mr. Ghising. On the plea of preaching for Proshant Tamang a contestant in a singing competition, Mr.Gurung shot to the lime light and took command of the foot soldiers of Mr.Ghising, extortion in the name of S.M.S. for Tamang continued unabated all the tourist, all the vehicles going to the hills, the business man government servants and whoever had gone to Darjeeling on those days had become victims of extortion or abasement, as usual government machinery for maintaining law and order was conspicuous in its absence. Being the natural out come of this free for all license from the keepers of law the foot soldiers of Gurung in the name of victory celebration transferred their go as you like activities on the plain lands of Bengal Terai too, victory processions were organized at very many places of plains at the foot hills, the communal over tone in place of joy of celebration was prominently perceptible in the behavior of the participants of victory rally in Siliguri atrocities crossed the threshold of tolerance level of the locals when an ambulance was obstructed at the gate of the hospital and a pregnant lady was manhandled. At least on the plains we were happy to see the administration taking prompt action, even to the extent of deployment of army to the rescue of the participants of victory procession from the fuming anger of the locals. No one knows when shall we see such an active government machinery for protecting sanctity of the constitutional provisions in the hills where contempt of the same in the hands of foreign intruders in our socio political sphere is a rule since 1961. Just after this episode Gurung of his own picked up the torch of so called Gorkha land movement and virtually started a parallel government of his fascistic gang star rule, the ministers, M.L.A. and even the district magistrate who is the highest administrative authority of the district were debarred from entry into the hills, along with this anarchy there were galloping is crease of extortion from the people of plains who could not but go to the hills on business as the district headquarter for Siliguri subdivision is Darjeeling, even after this chaos and anarchy reached its peak and the agony of the victims to extreme, the role of our government was but same, it was only divine inaction and silence, making rule of law insignificant and oppression unrestrained. Jubilant at their success in subverting the government authorities G.J.M.M. of Gurung tried to create a riot like situation in the plains of Terai and Doars by continuous provocation through demonstrations hunger strike and even attacks at selected places. G.J.M. protesters were on hunger strike at Panighata More Bagdogra and inside the campus of the Block Development office, Government of West Bengal, Naxalbari, those hunger strike centers became informal camp office for G.J.M. and were buzzing with perpetual gathering of G.J.M. activist through day and night, as centers of fright and danger for the simple and peace loving people of the area irrespective of their community, in contrary to the expectations of G.J.M. people in the plains did not react violently against those centers of provocation, in the meantime a citizen’s organization was to initiate its signature campaign for their memorandum to the Prime Minister of India from 8th June 2008, requesting him to identify the foreign nationals from Nepal in India, visibly nervous G.J.M. brought trucks full of activists mostly from Nepal and its vicinity to Bihar More Bagdogra where they sat for a road blockade, even though there were enough police force present with two administrative heads of the sub division the blockade on NH31and NH31C was allowed to continue uninterrupted for three and half hours in spite of several requests from the victims of the blockade, when it appeared that the anger of the victims may become unmanageable the police took to Lathi charge on the inhabitants of the area and the activists while going back caused havoc in the locality there were incidents of stone pelting, trespass, assaults, intimidation, and even one incident of arson, but the administrative authority did not think it was necessary to take up the cognizable offences and start proceedings so that law can take its own course, and the criminals can be booked, not even sec 144 was promulgated as a preventive measure, but only next day the signature campaign of the citizen’s organization JANA CHETANA was obstructed through promulgation of sec 144 at Bagdogra, interestingly both at Bagdora and Naxalbari the activists of G.J.M. who were on hunger strike were exempted from sec 144, hence they were continuing with their hunger strike under police protection. When the evil design of shifting the theater of skirmishes and heated political atmosphere on to the plains of North Bengal did not materialize, out raged Gurung called for an indefinite period strike and told the tourists to get out of the hills immediately, panic stricken tourists were harassed humiliated and forced to pay huge some of money to get a transport to go out of the hills, but even that was not the end of it, in this law less, governance less in fact government less territory of terror they were attacked at places with chopper and vehicle carrying tourists were burnt at Malbazar, amidst all these chaos and intimidation the exhausted tourists had to reach Siliguri in vehicles packed like canned sardines, just to be stranded at Siliguri which virtually collapsed under pressure of this huge number of tourists, we do not any more feel ashamed to say that police was inactive and spectators only, gravity of the situation can be assessed from the fact that government administration had to arrange one special train and 15 buses extra for the tourists so that they can at least reach Kolkata safely. All those shameful inertness of a practically subdued government and inactive police force naturally encouraged G.J.M.. to start defying the government in official and administrative spheres, as a challenge to the authority of government G.J.M. activists started changing the number plates of the motor vehicles where in place of W.B. they are compelling people to write G.L and at the same time collecting Gorkhaland tax from the vehicle owners, the most serious or the funniest part this whole commotion is that the government vehicles too are not exempted from this change over, none of the government offices had shown the courage to refuse this forced change over or to remove the tampered number plate, the activists of G.J.M. in their attempts to subvert the government authority are not hesitating to tamper with the registration certificates of the vehicles even. The government revenues like electric bills, motor vehicle taxes and telephone bills are not paid by any one in accordance to the directions of Bimal Gurung and his comrades, the offices of the respective departments are threatened of dire consequences if they try to discontinue the services for non payment of the bills. Every day a new injunction is imposed which even reaches to the extent of declaring dress code for people of Darjeeling. We have recently observed how the tyrannical leadership of the G.J.M threw Subhas Ghising, Dawa Pakhrin and other opposition leaders out of the hills to forced exile, and how their cars, houses and other properties were burnt to ashes. Last desire of Mrs. Ghising was left unfulfilled, because her dead body was debarred by the fascist gang star rulers from entering Darjeeling for cremation according to her last wish. Without going into every detail of failure from the side of the government, in simple words the whole of this hilly territory of Darjeeling, Kurseong, and Kalimpong is governed controlled and ruled by political out fits who initiated their unholy operations of smash and grab from the later years of 1950 making use of the fear psychosis of the migrated Nepali nationals in India, under Indo Nepal Friendship Treaty, even though they are legal migrants but unfortunately they have become illegal intruders into our socio political sphere. One has to understand the situation in Darjeeling is in no way similar to our domestic controversies of state reorganization.
    A quick review of the census figures from 1951 to 2001 will reveal the inner story of Gorkhaland movement which will be a glaring example of how India is invaded by foreigners, who are of late trying to disturb the peace, unity and sovereignty of our country.


    Nepali infiltrators and bhupalis are creating nuisance under the banner of Gorkha Janmukti Morcha. They are disturbing the peace and harmony in Siliguri, Darjeeling Terrai and Dooars area. Violence activities of the morcha clearly shows that activists of GJMM are most communal and criminal and they only know goondagiri. They don’t have any respect people of his own community as well as other communities. They are mostly criminals and their only business is to create
    communal conflicts. Nobody can support them. In fact not a single Lepcha, Bhutia, Bengali, Marwari, Adivasi is representing their central body. GJMMs most ardent supporters are illegal migrants from Nepal, Bhupalis and push back Nepalese from some northeastern states.
    They are creating all the illegal activities in the soft soil of W.B. But Bengal people will not tolerate all this nuisance activities. This illegal migrant from Nepal and bhupalis are creating all the communal tension in the region with the help odd anti national forces. What are the sources of money for GJMM? It is benevolence of W.B. Govt that GJMM is able to continues their anti Indian activities. If this GJMM is borned in others state, today they will be in jail or departed to Nepal.
    No non-Nepalese are going to fool by GJMM. Every body knows about Sikkim. Illegal migrants from Nepal have captured the Sikim. Where C.M to Peon is Nepali. They have changed the demographic picture of Sikim. No place for others. Original inhabitant (sikimeese) is now minority there. Be aware all the non-Nepalese. Look at Sikkim.
    Migration to India
    Migration to India was begun early in 1816, when East India Company appointed Nepali citizens in their regiments. Since then, a large number of Nepali workers had migrated to India for the employment in tea-estates of Darjeeling, Assam for livestock farming, dairy and cultivation. At present, it is estimated that there are 7 million citizens of Nepali origin. The statistics cannot be denied in view of the large number of Nepali language speakers in Darjeeling (west Bengal), Assam, Sikkim and other states. In this context, we can memorize the ‘Report on internal and international migration in Nepal’ prepared by National Planning Commission in 1992. This report has mentioned that 2,74,968 Nepalese were in India in 1961. Since then, the experiences indicate that migration has increased much more. At present, the number of the people of Nepali origin is estimated to be 7 millions in India. All India Migrant Nepali Association has assumed that 50 % of the total Nepali in India is the citizens of Nepal. In recent years, a trend to work as agri-labourers in different states of India mainly in Punjab and Hariyana is fastly increasing among Nepali citizens. So the number as agri-labourers, service-workers, police and Army-men, porters, gatemen and the Kanchha (The hotel boys) working all over the India, is taken into consideration, can be claimed to be more than two millions in India. In this content, mentionable is the unfortunate statistics of 1,53,000 Nepali women engaged in sex-trade in different Indian cities as presented in ” Sex-Trade in Nepal: Realities and challenges” written by Gauri Pradhan.
    They are practicing path of violence against their critics. They are also practicing communal hatred against the other communities. We must condemn the violence activities of Gorkha Janmukti Morcha. The administration must take stringent action in accordance with law for their nuisance and violence activities.
    In today’s India the saddest part of politics is that the politicians play the game of hatred and Bimal Gurung is no different. You make people suffer in Hills by various agitations and brainwash the people that for everything West Bengal Govt. responsible so that people start hating the govt. and to some extent even Bengalis. This is the strategy the Politicians of the Hills adopt to gain more popularity. Ghisingh did it and now Bimal Gurung did it. They very well know that Gorkhaland demand is unacceptable in the current format and current Indian condition by which every party that comes to power in the Centre. The people in hills totally fail to realize the game and get flown away with emotions and gets deceived by the leaders. But erasing the name of Govt. of West Bengal from the govt. offices what does GJM wants to prove. They want to show they people how great they are and invite some govt. action so that people starts hating the govt. more for their action and more and more people come to join their movement.
    That taking advantage of 1950 Indo-Nepal Treaty and open border, incessant infiltration of Nepalese from Nepal into North Bengal Districts specially terrain, Dooars where demographic picture is changing rapidly and would out-number the sons of the soil like those of Sikkim. The Foreign Nepalese those who came after 1950 are not Indian by any means. Nepalese or gorkhas from Nepal cannot be claimed as Indian because Nepal is a separate country. The Clause VII of the 1950 India-Nepal treaty is very clear, it states: ‘The Government of India and Nepal agree to grant, on a reciprocal basis, to the nationals of one country in the territories of the other, the same privileges in the matter of residence, ownership of property, participation in trade and commerce, movement and other privileges of a similar nature.’ In short, Nepalis living in India have residency rights but not citizenship rights.

    · To prevent the forceful illegal occupation in Siliguri, Terrai and dooars areas from foreign Nepales/Bhopalis aggression, Administration must identify the foreign Nepalees/Bhopalis and push them back to Nepal immediately in accordance with the provision of Foreigners Act, as is being done in case of Bangladeshis.

    Administration must delete the name of foreign Nepalis/Gorkhas from the voter list who have came India after the treaty immediately. As per Clause VII of the 1950 India-Nepal treaty they cannot claim Citizenship rights.

    · That the Morcha (with the help of foreign Nepalis and bhupalis) is reported to be preparing for making maximum disturbances for the people of the Siliguri, Terrai and Dooars forcing them to accept the demand for Gorkhaland, They are forcing the administration not to take any action for their illegal activities. They are trying to frighten the inhabitants of afore-said areas by way of their violence activities. Administration must take initiatives to protect the security of the people and must ensure not to allow the Gorkha Jan Mukti Morcha to create a total lawlessness situation in those areas.

    · That referendum taken by the majority communities/representing organizations including Akhil Bharatiya Adivasi Vikash Parishad and BangIa O BangIa Bhasha Bancho Committee out-rightly rejecting the demand of Gorkha Land. Because they (GJMM) are not representing the Indian Citizens of this area and has no any mandate from the Citizen of Siliguri, Terai and Dooars area. Citizens of Siliguri, Terai and Dooars are against the creation of Gorkha Land. People are also against any division of West Bengal.

  13. Nepali ( Gorkha) population is in so may states,Should they claim Gorkhaland in West Bengal,Assam,Arunachal and so on ! In such case
    bengalee’s can also chaim in Bihar, London etc. Punjabi’s can claim in USA as Tamils are claiming in SriLanka.

  14. It’s sad we have such weak state and central govts. Our netas are more interested in filling their pockets than taking care of the masses.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: