Gurung only interested in tripartite talks

The Gorkha Janmukti Morcha on Thursday said it was no longer interested in holding talks with the West Bengal government on Gorkhaland issue and was awaiting tripartite talks in Delhi.
GJM president Bimal Gurung made the comment while reacting to West Bengal Home Secretary A M Chakraborty’s recent statement here last week that further talks between the GJM and state government were required to find a solution to the Darjeeling problem.
Gurung said that during talks with the West Bengal Chief Minister, Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee, in the last week of June, GJM leaders had requested Bhattacharjee to take the initiative for tripartite talks involving the Centre, state government and GJM.
“But we have not received any further invitation from the government. We can give our opinion only after we receive the invitation,” Gurung said.
The GJM’s insistence on tripartite talks, meanwhile, received a shot in the arm when three major constituents of the Darjeeling district Left Front — CPI, AIFB and RSP — unequivocally stressed the need for having immediate three-way dialogue.
Darjeeling district secretary of Forward Bloc Smritish Bhattacharya told PTI that the state government should take an immediate initiative for the talks.
Similarly, the CPI district secretary, Ujjawal Choudhury, said the state government should not lose any further time for the talks and the GJM at the same time should come forward with a positive frame of mind.
RSP district secretary Benoy Chakraborty went a step further, saying, “The GJM is doing the right thing by not showing interest in talks with the state government as the government has created the situation itself by indulging Ghising for almost two decades.” (The Hindu)


7 Responses

  1. :

    1.The demand for the seperate hill state is totally justified.

    The demand for the separate state of the people of the hills has to be seen in the context of the social, cultural, economic aspirations of the region which after more than half a century of independence of the country is still without proper infrastucture, medical facilities, institutions of higher education. The region lacks in even the basic facilities including drinking water. There are no job opportunities for the youth, no economic development in the region. All these factors point to a total neglect of the hill region.

    The demand for the separate state has therefore to be seen in the proper perspective. The entity of state is essentially a unit of administration. The primary task of administration is to address the issues of the people and take appropriate steps for solving the problems of the people. The demand for the separate state by the people of the hills is only a logical culmination of the, unaddressed legitimate aspirations of the people in a democracy.

    However, the seperate state should be called DARJEELING, which The seperate state should be called DARJEELING, which would convey a broader identity to the people of the hills and not Gorkhaland, which stands for just one section of the population. Calling the new state as DARJEELING would certainly address the feeling of gorkha domination prevailing among the indegenious tribes of the hills.

    2. The second aspect of the seperate state movement is about the LEADERSHIP. We deserve to have educated leadership who would lead the proposed new hill state to all round development and economic prosperity.

    We do not want a corrupt group of people at the helm of affairs who would only use the state apparatus for their personal benifits.

    Let us not forget that the people who are making a big noise about gorkhaland were very much part of the kitchen cabinet of Ghesing in DGHC. For several years these people milked the DGHC and amassed huge wealth. There is nothing to show case the achievment of the DGHC over which these people held sway . In the name of the hill people, these self centrered leaders have made fortunes.

    It is an irony that the hill people have been betrayed by one of their own. The people leading the agitation for the seperate hill state cannot wash their hands off this act of betrayal. They have all along benifitted from the DGHC.

    Therefore we need a new leadership, well educated, having a vision for the hill people and who are not blinded by self interest.

    The people who are now holding the people of the hills at ransom by their terror tactics and forcing us to join their party at the risk of violence should leave. The hill people cherish freedom, and that includes freedom to choose their leaders, and freedom from the dadagiri of GJM.

  2. Mr Gurung did the right thing- the talks and conferences with the State will not bear any fruitful results- that’s sure so its only with the Center that he should rely on.- the talks between the State and Mr Gurung has proved out to be of no use in the past and I’m sure this time also it bears the same fruit- the situation in hills has gone to such an extend that the intervention on the part of the Center is required and it was good to hear that the time is coming up.

  3. The Demand for the creation of a new State Gorkhaland is fully justified-

    I agree to Mr. Lepcha totally on what he said. It really is a matter of concern deep in our hearts when the expected parties turn to tactics that goes against non-violence. The movement was first pioneered on the theme of Non-Violence and if the same turns on to violence ways then surely lot of questions run through the minds of wise heads. So I request all the people and parties to stick on Non-Violence ways.
    Conditions in the hills was worsened to such an extend that the only solution to it was the creation of new state Gorkhaland. People kept quiet for a long time and I believe with the new force [GJMM] coming in last year it shook the very root of every people who had suffered a lot. They saw new hopes and light through it and people gave its support to it whole heartedly. The support was blind and infact to some extend it led to ways and means which was against its principle. The incidents few days back proves this. The condition of the people of Doors wherein development seems stagnant was also an issue that needed attention and right at this time Mrs.Jyoti Subba gave light to it and here too Gorkhaland is justified. People revolt when they are denied of their rights and when hunger strikes their belly so we see that the people from Doors also supported Mr.Gurung.
    The condition in Darjeeling was very naked to the common people. Salaries of the ones working under DGHC was sympathetic . 2000-3500 per month is a difficult sum to maintain a huge family. The condition of the plantation workers was very bad. Unemployment was the main problem and besides it villages like Primtam, Seokbir Khani, Samalbong, Takling, Soreng, Mangwa was behind the scene of development. Irrigation and drinking water was the problem. Roads and lights are still a fairy tale. The PMGSY [P.M Sadak Yojna] was infact very worse. The road lasted only six months in some places. The real requirements of the construction of these types of roads was only with the Central Government. When it came here the authorities would edit it making it narrow or coal-tar was just a soup for the weak kuchha road. The municipalities who worked on the minds of ruling parties framed all the development works in all the three towns and we see the water-damped road below Kalimpong College and Darjeeling with no water. M.S.K Schools in villages was a place better to sit and play cards. The moods when we see the school hut is sure to turn every child in to a gambler.
    Sahids of the wars had a sad story. Some of their families don’t get what they ought to be given and children of the deceased ex-armies have to go to some ex-armies organization to get their rights. Its a damn insulting process and the respect we got for being brave with the stones and lathis of police recently is very naked to the people of India.
    The fighting party should not take steps that may lead to its own destruction and should work on the way and its principle which helped them gain support blindly of the common people. Their is no way that the demand is unjustified and I believe Mr. Gurung came out in the right time when the need was there. Hats off to him but no violence. Lets make Darjeeling safe and politically clean.

  4. We are opposing Gorkhaland or any partition and disintegration of West Bengal. India Government and West Bengal Government must consider the following demands in the interest of SECURITY QUESTION OF INDIA. Nepali infiltration must be stopped and they should be treated as per Bangladeshi migrants. Government must handled the all issues in strong hand.


    1. Both the demands of Sixth Schedule and separate State of Gorkhaland would mean ultimate partition and disintegration of West Bengal. Both the demands should be rejected.
    2. Darjeeling Gorkha Hill Council may be abolished and the Darjeeling District put directly under state administration, with Army protection.
    3. Clause-VII Indo-Nepal Treaty of 1950 may be repealed to prevent foreign Nepali infiltration.
    4. All foreign Nepalese should be identified and pushed back to Nepal, as per the Foreigners Act, 1864 as is being done in the case of illegal Bangladeshi migrants.
    5. Border outposts be set up with barbed-wire fencing. Visa be introduced in the Indo-Nepal border as is the case with Bangladesh.

  5. THE MASTER STRATEGIST……………. Bimal Gurung may be a master strategist and a woer of the Nari Morcha and the general masses – but he is also a grave sinner….. His record has shown that he is a murderer, extortionist, womanizer, cheat and a thief…… While the Gorkhas are awed and intimidated by his meteoric rise to power for the achievement…. let us not forget the rise of Hitler and his strategies…. BREAKING NEWS IS THAT: On 1st July 08, his house at Takvar was gheraoed for making yet two more innocent girls pregnant when he already has two wives….. It was conveniently hushed up. WHERE ARE ALL THE “INVESTIGATIVE JOURNALISTS FROM THE TELEGRAPH, THE STATESMAN, TIMES OF INDIA, THE HINDU, ETC………….Using Bimal Gurung currently may be a good strategy to achieve Gorkhaland by the GORKHAS……….and the communist WB govt deserve just such a leader to out-maneuver them …. but after that he must be eliminated as a sinner for the greater good of the Gorkhas or else they will be doomed…..Time alone will tell as we see this dreaded story of the RISE and FALL of Bimal Gurung…. All Indians keep a keen eye open for what is unfolding…… THE GORKHA CONSCIENCE

  6. Good to see people posting things like this on the blog. Three cheers to all of you. It is we ourselves who wedge differences within ourselves. We forget we are Indians and only stand on our feet and take pride to be called Bengali’s and Gorkhas. Sad to see the above post. The type of things they have worked and their demands pulls naked to their own naked culture and race. They have hurt the seniments of each and every Gorkhas residing in India and not only that each and every Indians. If other Indian community would have been residing in Darjeeling then they would have been serving the same fate. Shame on the blood of ones who works for the destruction of others. It is clear to every Indians that Gorkhas are treated otherwise or step-motherly in India. We believe they are not safe in other parts of Bengal too.
    Keeping everything behind we can say that the creation of Gorkhaland is justified on every ground. Gorkhas are legal citizens of India. They have sacrificed their lives for the sake of the country. Also Bengal has lots of problems and if Darjeeling is kept away from it we can surely say it works on the benefit of Bengal too. A small family is easy to be maintained than a huge one. Further the constitution of Indian grants the right to form a New State.
    Brothers why can’t people think on the lines this way. People go wrong when they start scratching others back. Instead they should scract their own back before doing others. Attack on the personal life of others is a sure reflection of coward nature in human being. People should remember everyone is not perfect. Nothing to write from here.
    “Jai Bharati”.


    In view of the misunderstandings and confusions which are being deliberately created regarding the history of the region and the migratory movements, we are setting out below a brief outline of the history based on official sources.

    Historically, what is known as the district of Darjeeling today was parts of two kingdoms during the pre-British period – the kingdoms of Sikkim and Bhutan. Following wars and treaties signed with these two kingdoms, this territory came under the control of the British Empire in India. This territory was not a part of Nepal when the British took over, and, therefore, cannot be considered as part of the ‘ceded territories’ of Nepal, as is being claimed by GNLF.

    The present territory of Darjeeling came under British occupation during the nineteenth century in three stages. In 1835, by a deed of grants signed on 1st February, the Raja of Sikkim ceded a portion of the hills to the British to help them to set up a sanatorium. This area covered all the land south of the Great Rangit river, east of Balasan, Kahel and Little Rangit rivers and west of the Rangnu and Mahananda rivers. The second stage followed war with Sikkim, which resulted in the annexation of ‘Sikkim Morang’ or ‘Terai’ at the foot of the hills, and a portion of the Sikkim hills bounded by the Rammam rivers on the north, by the Great Rangit and the Teesta on the east and by the Nepal frontier on the west. This area too had always been under Sikkim, excepting the Morang or Terai in the foothills which was for a time (1788-1816) conquered and ruled by Nepal, but, following the war with Nepal during (1814-1816) this tract was ceded to the British Government which in turn returned it to the Raja of Sikkim. The third stage was marked by a war between British India and Bhutan, which led in 1864 to the annexation of the hill tract to the east of Teesta, west of Ne-chu and De-chu rivers and south of Sikkim.

    In other words, the present territory of Darjeeling historically belonged to Sikkim and Bhutan, and was included in India following wars and agreement with these two countries. Only the Terai part of the territory (and not the hills) was for a time conquered by Nepal from Sikkim, but was then returned to Sikkim in 1816, long before the district of Darjeeling took shape. As for the hill areas of the present day Darjeeling, where the Nepali-speaking population constitute the overwhelming majority, there is no recorded historical evidence of this ever being part of Nepal.

    Furthermore, the native population of the district did not comprise of the population of Nepali origin. Both the Nepalis and the Bengalis came to the territory as immigrants following the development of the tea industry and the expansion of the administration. To quote the Bengal district Gazetteers, authors by Arthur Jules Dash and published by the British government of Bengal (1947 edition, Darjeeling part, Chapter III):

    “When the East India Company in 1835 first acquired the nucleus of the Darjeeling district from the Raja of Sikkim, it was almost entirely under forest and practically inhabited… this hill tract of 138 square miles contained a population of 100”.

    “The decision of the Company to develop Darjeeling as a hill resort gave the opportunity to neighbouring peoples to immigrate and take part in the development. The original inhabitants, probably Lepchas, were rapidly outnumbered by settlers from Nepal and Sikkim. By the year 1850, Dr. Campbell, the first superintendent reported that the number of inhabitants had risen to 10,000. The rapid influx was noted by Sir Joseph Hocker when he visited Darjeeling about that time. When in 1869 a rough census was taken of the inhabitants of this tract, the total was found to be over 22,000.”

    Thus it was overwhelmingly a forest land by 1869, with a population of not more than 22,000. However by the time of the first census of India in 1872, the population had rapidly increased to 94,712, and by the turn of the century, in 1901 it was 2,49,117. This increase was mainly connected with the development of tea industry and the opportunities for wasteland cultivation. The tea plantations, beginning in the 1850s, increased to 74 estates covering 14,000 acres in 1872, 153 estates and 30,000 acres in 1881, and 177 estates and 45,000 acres in 1891. While the labourers for the tea estates in the Terai plains were mostly tribals from Bihar, in the hills the great majority of the workers were from Nepal. Once the tea industry developed, this led to further economic activities and created demand for more immigrants, many of whom now took to agriculture. The migration from Nepal continued in subsequent years. Even in 1931, out of a total population of 3,19,635, there were 59,016 had come from Nepal, in addition to the vast number of offsprings from the earlier waves of migration from Nepal, who constituted the majority, By 1941, 86.8 per cent of the population in the three hill sub-divisions on Darjeeling were Nepali-speaking, while other hillmen and scheduled castes constituted another 8.1 per cent.

    To quote from W. W. Hunter’s authoritative account (A Statistical Account of Bengal, Volume X, London, 1876);

    “The Lepchas are considered to be the aboriginal inhabitants of the hilly portion of the district. At all events they are the first known occupiers of this tract and of independent Sikkim.”

    Regarding the Nepalis, who constituted 34 per cent of the population of the district by 1876, while the majority of the populations in the district were non-Nepaliese, Hunter’s account stated:

    “The Nepalise, who form 34 per cent of the population of the district, are all immigrants from the state of Nepal to the westward. They are a pushing, thriving race, and the Deputy Commissioner is of opinion that they will in time occupy the whole district.”

    According to Hunter, even by 1876, “the population of the district is entirely rural,” and even Darjeeling and Kurseong had populations less than 5,000. But in subsequent years the population of Darjeeling grew, thanks to the support given by the British as a health resort for the Europeans, from 3,157 in 1872 to 7,018 in 1881; 14,145 in 1891, and 16,924 in 1901.

    This historical account is given to make the point that the development of the hill area of Darjeeling has been largely the outcome of activities relating to tea and tourist industries over the past one hundred years or so, before which it was sparsely populated, and the people of Nepali origin constituting the vast majority of the population there now came as immigrants from Nepal. There is, therefore, no historical validity in claiming this as a part of the territory ceded by the Government of Nepal to the British Empire in India.

    Nor is this proper to view the growth of population in the hills in isolation from the developments in the plains, where too the forest lands were cleared to set up plantations and migrant labourers were brought in for work in tea gardens and associated activities. As in the case of Darjeeling hills, the towns in Jalpaiguri and Siliguri sub-division largely owe their origin to tea industry, but whereas in Darjeeling the migrant labourers were mostly from Nepal, in the plains they were mostly recruited from the tribal areas of Bihar. In addition the Bengalis were brought in for clerical and administrative work and for various professional activities. After the partition of the country, in 1947, a large number of refugees from East Pakistan came to this area.

    Until the recent happenings, the four major communities in the hills and plains of Darjeeling district – the Nepalis, the Tribals, the Bengalis, and the original inhabitants (Mech, Rajbansi, Lepcha, Bhutia etc.) – lived peacefully and amicably. There had been no instance of any major communal tension between these communities, and the law and order situation was normal. Nor had there been instances of serious confrontation between a section of the population and the police and civil authorities.

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